The two most commonly known cannabinoids are tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). Each cannabis plant produces both of them in their profile. Some strains are dominant in THC and contain very little CBD, while others are dominant in CBD and do not contain much THC. Contrary to both, there are many strains that lie somewhere in the middle having a 1 to 1 ration of THC and CBD.
THC stimulates the production of dopamine which is an important neurotransmitter that makes us feel good. We all produce dopamine in our brain to reward ourselves after accomplishing something.
Imagine thousands of year ago, the euphoria after killing the bear that was threatening you and your family, that is dopamine.
If you consume THC ultimately you will produce more THC and get that nice euphoric feeling.
CBD, the other well-known cannabinoid is considered to be non-psychoactive. If it doesn’t make you psychoactive then what does it do?
Every person produces their own cannabinoids all the time. Yes, we are cannabis producers ourselves, more precisely, they are called endocannabinoids, and what we secretly make is powerful. Endocannabinoids influence our mood and other vital functions of our body to a big extent. It works over a system which is called the endocannabinoid system.
The endocannabinoids that we produce ourselves must connect to so called receptors. CBD makes these receptors more sensitive, so the system works better. CBD also makes sure that the endocannabinoids you produce are broken down slower in order to last longer.
Terpenes that come from cannabis plants are similar to the spices we add to our food. They give a personal taste to the food we eat. The pasta made from your mother does not taste like the pasta from your friend’s mother. Not because the pasta is different, pasta is pasta. It tastes the same without spices and it is your mother’s secret blend of spices that make it great!
Pretty much the same happens with THC and CBD in cannabis, the terpenes in cannabis will make the THC and CBD up to your personal taste. They color the effects of THC and CBD. Some terpenes are sedative, others will arouse you, and yet others will make you feel concentrated.